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Best 10 Apps for Learning Danish
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Danish

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Danish is a Germanic language and the official language of Denmark. It is also spoken in parts of Northern Germany.

The modern Danish language can be traced back to the Norse languages spoken during the age of vikings in Scandinavia. This started with Proto-Norse which turned into the Old Norse; a language written in a runic alphabet. Starting in the 7th century, this language began to divide into two separate languages due to language alterations that did not spread across all of Scandinavia. This resulted in the Old Western Norse language and the Old Eastern Norse language, the latter of the two being the language spoken in what is now known as Denmark and Sweden. Much of this Old Eastern language actually had an influence on the English language as well as Danish conquests took place throughout Northern Europe. 

It was not until the Medieval era that Danish and Swedish became separate languages, and the Danish alphabet was then written in a Latin alphabet instead of the original runic. Danish at this time also used many loan words borrowed from the Low German language. Still, Danish was not quite standardized, either in its written or spoken form. Once the first printed Danish books were produced in the 15th century, including the original Danish translation of the Bible, Danish started to develop more as a written language with set vocabulary and grammar rules. During German invasions in the 19th century, a spark of Danish nationalism occurred and there were more Danish writers and creators than ever, which further promoted set language standards in the transition to modern Danish. Still today, Danish operates under a few different dialects that separate age and class.

Spoken Danish is largely recognizable for its unique sounds and particularly for its vowel sounds. In Danish, unstressed syllables and final consonants tend to be diminished when spoken, and the sentence structure and grammar does not hinge on certain sounds or emphasis the way it does in other languages. There are many more phonemes for vowels than consonants, with 27 vowel phonemes and only 16 consonant phonemes. Danish phonology can be characterized by the creaky voice sound, which is a sound created by compression of the vocal folds and the irregular vibrations that happen as a result.

Danish grammar has similarities both to the English language as well as German when it comes to word agreement and a set subject and verb order. However, like English, the word order can also be pretty lose within the sentence. Verb tenses are often indicated by a change in vowel or vowel sounds, and nouns have different inflections for their number, definiteness and gender.

Danish is the de facto language of Denmark and one of the two national languages of the Faroe Islands, but is also spoken in varying degrees in communities around the world. Danish is one of the major languages of Greenland and Iceland, and many people in both countries are taught Danish as their second language in school. There are also large Danish-speaking communities in parts of Germany, particularly in South Schleswig, as well as Sweden, Norway, Spain, Canada, the United States, Brazil, and Argentina. This spread has also had influence on the wide range of dialects that are associated with Danish.

The capital of Denmark is Copenhagen, which is where the standard Danish dialect can be found. The dialect is pretty consistent within each region, but does differ with a more traditional dialect versus the modern Standard Danish that has different grammar, vocabulary, phonology. Traditional Danish accents can be broken up into the categories of Insular Danish, Jutlandic and Bornholmian. Danish accents are different depending on the region, including the Danish islands, and the language takes on different tones depending on the location. This also includes whether or not the creaky voice sound or stod is used when speaking. In some regions, the stod is replaced with a pitch accent, and other regions use neither accent. In some cases, these languages also have different grammatical features, such as noun genders and numbers, but the language changes are minor enough that they are still comprehensible to speakers of other Danish dialects, especially since most of the Danish words and Danish definitions remain the same.

For native English speakers, it can be relatively easy to learn Danish as compared to other languages. Thanks to the influences of German and Latin, there are plenty of words that are similar in English, so vocabulary is not too much of a stretch. The grammar does take some practice, but it is also mostly similar to English.

There are many different options when it comes to learning Danish, with everything from online lessons to lessons in a classroom or with a language tutor. Since Danish is not considered one of the most popular world languages and most Danish people also speak English, Danish lessons can be harder to find in a classroom or group setting. Danish language apps have made learning and mastering Danish very accessible, especially for a daily practice, and allow Danish learners to connect with each other from across the world to better learn the language together.

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